Vomiting-Causes,Danger Signs And Control.
Vomiting is also known as ‘throwing up’ which is a way in which the body removes any substance irritating the gut or pose danger in the stomach by force.
Many people especially children have an occasional stomach upset with vomiting. Often no cause can be found. There may be mild stomach or gut ache or fever. This kind of simple vomiting usually is not serious and clears up by itself.
Vomiting is one of the signs of many different problems, some minor and some quite serious, so it is important to examine the person carefully.
Vomiting often comes from :
- A problem in the stomach or guts; such as infection (diarrhea).
- Poisoning from spoiled food.
- Acute abdomen (appendicitis or something blocking the gut).
- Also almost any sickness with high fever or severe pain may cause vomiting especially malaria.
- Ear ache
- Urinary infection
- Gallbladder pain
- Migraine headache
DANGER SIGNS WITH VOMITING (seek medical help immediately).
- Dehydration that increases and that you cannot control.
- Severe vomiting that lasts more than 24 hours.
- Violent vomiting especially if the vomit is dark green, brown or smells like feces (this are signs of obstruction).
- Constant pain in the gut especially if the person cannot defecate (shit) or if you cannot hear gurgles when you put your ear to the belly (this is acute abdomen : obstruction, appendicitis).
- Vomiting of blood (ulcer, cirrhosis).
TO HELP CONTROL VOMITING
- Eat nothing while vomiting is severe.
- Sip a cola drink or ginger ale. Some herbal teas may also help.
- For dehydration, give small frequent sips of cola, tea or Rehydration Drink.
- If vomiting does not stop soon, use a vomit-control medicine like promethazine or diphenhydramine.
Most of these medicines come in pills, syrups, injections and suppositories (soft pills you push up into the anus). Tablets or syrup can also be put up the anus. Grind up the tablet in a little water. Put it in with an enema set or syringe without a needle.
When taken by mouth, the medicine should be swallowed with very little water and nothing else should be swallowed for 5 minutes. Never give more than the recommended dose.
Do not give a second dose until dehydration has been corrected and the person has begun to urinate. If severe vomiting and diarrhea make medication by mouth or anus impossible, give an injection of 1 of these vomit control medicines. Promethazine may work best. Take care not to give too much.