Typhoid Fever-Symptoms,Prevention And Treatment.
Typhoid fever or typhoid is an infection of the gut that affects the whole body. It is spread from feces-to-mouth in contaminated food and water and often comes in epidemics (many people sick at once) of different infections sometimes called the fever.
Typhoid is one of the most dangerous.
TYPHOID FEVER SYMPTOMS
- It begins like cold or flu.
- Headache, sore throat and often a dry cough.
- The fever goes up and down but rises a little more each day until it reaches 40 degrees or more.
- Pulse is often relatively slow for the amount of fever present. Take the pulse and temperature every half hour; if the pulse gets slower when the fever goes up, the person probably has typhoid.
- Sometimes there is vomiting, diarrhea or constipation.
- High fever, pulse relatively slow.
- A faint spotty rash may appear on the body.
- Delirium (person does not think clearly or make sense).
- Weakness, weight loss, dehydration.
- If there are no complications, the fever and other symptoms slowly go away.
TYPHOID FEVER TEMPERATURE (DEGREES) FROM FIRST TO SIXTH DAY
- On the first day, the temperature is 37½ degrees C.
- On the second day, the temperature gets to 38 degrees C.
- On the third day, the temperature becomes 38½ degrees C.
- On the fourth day, the temperature becomes 39 degrees C.
- On the fifth day, the temperature becomes 39½ C.
- On the sixth day, the temperature becomes 40 degrees C.
TYPHOID FEVER PREVENTION
- To prevent typhoid, care must be taken to avoid contamination of water and food by human feces. Follow the guidelines of personal and public hygiene. Make and use the toilets or latrines. Be sure toilets or latrines are in a safe distance from where people get drinking water.
- Cases of typhoid often appear after a flood or other disaster, and special care must be taken with cleanliness at these times. Be sure drinking water is clean. If there are cases of typhoid in your area, all drinking water should be boiled. Look for the cause of contaminated water or food.
- To avoid the spread of typhoid, a person who has the disease should stay in a separate room. No one else should eat or drink from the dishes he or she uses. His or her stools should be properly flushed or buried or even burnt for those staying in remote areas. Persons who care for him or her should wash their hands right afterwards.
- After recovering from typhoid, some persons still carry the disease and can spread it to others. So anyone who has had typhoid should be extra careful with personal cleanliness and should not work in restaurants or where food is handled. Sometimes ampicillin is effective in treating typhoid carriers.
TYPHOID FEVER TREATMENT
- Seek medical help immediately.
- In areas where typhoid has become resistant to chloramphenicol and ampicillin, give co-trimoxazole for at least 2 weeks.
- Try chloramphenicol; Adults: 3 capsules of 250 mg, 4 times a day for at least 2 weeks. If there is no chloramphenicol, use ampicillin or tetracycline.
- Lower the fever with cool wet cloths.
- Give plenty of liquids; soups, juices and Rehydration Drink to avoid dehydration.
- Give nutritious foods in liquid form if necessary.
- The person should stay in bed until the fever has completely gone.
- If the person shits blood or develops signs of peritonitis or pneumonia, take him or her to a hospital at once.