Russia is building warships it has never had in its navy.
NEW YORK, (BM) – “On July 16, Russian shipbuilders began construction of two Project 22350 frigates, two Project 885M Yasen-M multipurpose nuclear submarines, and – for the first time in the history of the Russian Navy – two Project 23900 multipurpose amphibious assault helicopter carriers,” the state to TASS a source in the Russian defense industry.
The press department of Severnaya Verf declined to comment on the information received from this source.
Both frigates of the modernized Project 22350 will be built at the Severnaya Verf shipyard in St. Petersburg, which is part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation.
State-owned media also announced that the two ships would apparently be named Admiral Yumashev and Admiral Spiridonov in honor of two prominent officers of the Soviet Navy.
At present, Severnaya Verf has four frigates of Project 22350 and modernized Project 22350 at different stages of construction.
Among them is the frigate Admiral Kasatonov, named after a Soviet naval officer who commanded the Baltic Fleet, the Black Sea Fleet and the Northern Fleet, and later became deputy commander of the Soviet navy.
This ship was laid down at the end of 2009, launched in 2014, and is currently undergoing tests on the high seas and is preparing to join the Russian Navy.
The laying of new warships in order to strengthen the Russian fleet of warships of the far sea zone occurs just a few months after the Russian Ministry of Defense stopped work on the construction of the Project 23560 nuclear cruiser, as well as the Project 22350M frigate.
The frigate of Project 22350M is a further development of Project 22350. These ships are about half the size of American destroyers of the Arleigh Burke class, but only slightly inferior to them in terms of armament.
Construction of new submarines
In addition to two new frigates at the Sevmash shipyards in Severodvinsk (this enterprise is also part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation), two Project 885M Yasen-M multipurpose nuclear submarines were laid down. The contract for their construction was signed last summer at the Army-2019 international military-technical forum.
Yasen-M is a modernized version of the submarine designed to accommodate a 16-year gap between the construction of the first Yasen-class submarine and those currently under construction.
Apparently, submarines of the Yasen-M class in their characteristics correspond to the capabilities of high-speed strike submarines of the Virginia class.
New landing helicopter carriers
It is also reported about the laying of two landing helicopter carriers at the Zaliv shipyard in the city of Kerch. Initially, the solemn ceremony of laying them was scheduled for June 29, but was postponed to a later date.
Apparently, the displacement of these universal landing ships of the Project 23900 will be 25 thousand tons, and their length will be approximately 220 meters. Ships of this class will receive more than 20 heavy helicopters and will be capable of carrying up to 900 Russian marines.
For Russia, these are completely new ships, since landing ships of this class were not built either in the Soviet Union or in the Russian Federation.
The first details regarding Project 23900 emerged during a visit by Russian President Vladimir Putin in January this year to an exhibition on the future development of the Russian Navy. This was reported by Naval News magazine earlier this year.
The Project 23900 ships will be shorter than America-class amphibious assault helicopter carriers, whose displacement is comparable to that of Midway-class aircraft carriers or even Wasp-class amphibious assault helicopter carriers.
These American ships can be called light aircraft carriers because they can carry aircraft such as the AV-8B Harrier II and F-35B Lighting II. The American amphibious assault carrier Bonhomme Richard, damaged by fire last week, is one of eight Wasp-class ships in the US Navy.