Menopause In Women.
The menopause or climacteric is the time in a woman’s life when the menstrual periods stop coming. After menopause, she can no longer bear children. In general, this change of life happens between the ages of 40 and 50. The periods often become irregular for several months before they stop completely.
A woman can still become pregnant during this time. If she does not want to have more children, she should continue to use birth control for 12 months after her periods stop.
If a woman has not had a child for several years then misses some periods, she may think she is pregnant. When the menstruation does come again after 3 or 4 months, she may think she is having a miscarriage and she feels sad especially if she really wants a child.
Whenever a woman of 40 to 50 years comes with bleeding, after some months, ask her how many years is it since she had her last child. If the time is more than 3 years, suspect that it may be the beginning of menopause. Check again her actual age or estimate of it and ask a midwife to examine her.
If menopause is thought most likely, advice the woman that she is not pregnant and that she is not ill. She is going through a perfectly normal change which all women come to in time.
During menopause, it is normal for a woman to feel many discomforts like anxiety, distress, hot flushes (suddenly feeling uncomfortably hot), pains that travel all over the body, sadness etc.
After menopause is over, most women feel better again. However, bones do tend to become weaker at this time and may break more easily. To prevent this, consume more food that is high in calcium.
Women who have severe bleeding or a lot of pain in the belly during menopause or who begin to bleed again after the bleeding has stopped for many months or years should seek medical help.
An examination is needed to make sure that they do not have cancer or another serious problem.
A woman after the menopause, when she knows she will not have children anymore, will be more free to spend time with her grandchildren or become more active in the community. Some become midwives or health workers at this time in their lives.