Medicinal Plants-Types And Their Uses


Medicinal Plants-Types And Their Uses.

Medicinal plants are those plants that have curative powers. Some of the best modern medicines are made from wild herbs.

Nevertheless, not all curative herbs people use have medical value and those that have are sometimes used the wrong way. Try to learn about the herbs in your area and find out which ones are worthwhile.

CAUTION : Some medicinal herbs are very poisonous if taken in more than the recommended dose. For this reason, it is often safer to use modern medicine, since the dosage is easier to control.



Here are few examples of medicinal plants that can be useful if used correctly.


BITTER LEAF (Vernonia amygdalina)

The leaves of this common leaf vegetable are used by circumcisers to speed up clotting and reduce bleeding.

bitter leaf

A few leaves are rubbed between the palms, until fresh juice can be squeezed straight on the wound. Another leaf is then placed on the wound.

Leaves of nightshade (Solanum nigrum or S. pensile) can be used.


CORN SILK ( the tassels or silk from an ear of a maize)

Sometimes a tea made from corn silk can help reduce swelling of the feet especially in pregnant women.

Corn silk

Boil a large handful of corn silk in water and drink 1 or 2 glasses. It is not dangerous


PAPAYA ( pawpaw)

Ripe papayas are very rich in vitamins and also aid digestion. Eating them is especially helpful for weak or old people who complain of stomach upset when they eat meat, chicken or eggs.

Papaya can also help get rid of intestinal worms, although modern medicines often work better.

pawpaw tree (papaya)

Collect 3 or 4 teaspoon (15-20 ml) of the milk that comes out when the green fruit or trunk of the tree is cut. Mix this with an equal amount of honey and stir it into a cup of hot water. If possible, drink along with a laxative.

Alternatively, dry and crush the papaya seeds into powder form. Take 3 teaspoons mixed with 1 glass of water or some honey, drink 3 times a day for 7 days.

Papaya (pawpaw tree) can also be used for treating bed or pressure sores. The fruit contains chemicals that help to soften and make dead flesh easier to remove. First, clean and wash out bed sore that has dead flesh in it.

Then soak a clean cloth or sterile guaze with milk from the trunk or green fruit of a papaya plant and pack this into the sore. Repeat cleaning and repacking 3 times a day.



Gallstones can be made to pass safely with large doses of olive oil ( or other vegetable oil) and lemon.

Vegetable oil

Give 4 tablespoons of oil and the juice of one lemon every 15 minutes until 1 pint (half litre) of oil has been given. This will cause diarrhea.


The feces should be examined carefully before disposal, to see if and how many stones have been passed.



A drink made from garlic can often get rid of pinworms and relieve diarrhea. Chop finely or crushed 4 cloves of garlic and mix with 1 glass of liquid (water, juice or milk).


For pinworms (worms), drink 1 glass daily for 3 weeks; for diarrhea, drink 1 glass every 2 hours until diarrhea stops.

Vaginal infections may also be treated with garlic.




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