Iran confirms possible purchase of Russian S-400, Su-35 and Su-57.
Iran intends to acquire the latest Russian weapons, which include S-400 air defense systems, Su-35 and Su-57 fighters, and probably other Russian missile weapons, learned BulgarianMilitary.com.
Information on this matter was confirmed by the Ambassador of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Moscow Kazem Jalali.
“Of course it is. We will consult with Russia on what we need to strengthen our defense capabilities. The Russian government and the Russian people have been and remain on our side in difficult times. Russia is also a priority partner for us. There are great opportunities in this area, and we hope that over time our relations in this area will strengthen,” the Arab edition of Al-Masdar News quotes him.
Despite the fact that the Iranian ambassador did not indicate the types of weapons purchased from Russia, experts believe that the first thing that Iran will choose is air defense systems, as well as fighters.
“Iran needs powerful and reliable air defense systems, and it is obvious that the only choice of this country will fall on the Russian S-400s. As for military aviation, Iran may be interested in buying Su-35 and Su-57 fighters, and given the partnership between our country and Iran, it is obvious that Iran will be given a special price,” a Russian analyst said.
Some military experts expect Iran to buy Chinese fighter jets, not Russian ones
Iran can count on lighter and cheaper aircraft – the Russian MiG-35 and Chinese J-10C are considered the main contenders for this role. Both fighters belong to the 4 ++ generation and began to be operated in recent years.
At first glance, the comparison is in favor of the MiG-35. It is heavier, more maneuverable, with a more powerful radar [although both fighters have modern radars with AFAR] and is capable of operating at high speeds and altitudes.
The range of destruction of R-37M air-to-air missiles is 400 kilometers [the PL-15 missile of a Chinese aircraft has a range of no more than 300 kilometers]. But the advantage of the Chinese aircraft is the limited use of stealth technologies.
In addition, the choice of the J-10C can be dictated by political reasons – earlier, Russia has repeatedly conceded to Western countries in matters of arms supplies to the Middle East.
China is not inclined to listen to advice from outside, so as a supplier of weapons, it is much more reliable. In addition, the Chinese are investing more in the development of air-to-air missiles – which means that in the future, the J-10C can afford more advanced weapons than the R-37M.
Also, the simultaneous purchase of a light Chinese and a heavy Russian fighter gives Iran the opportunity to take advantage of both aircraft schools.
The situation in which Iran will buy heavy fighters from China and light MiG-35s from Russia is excluded: China does not sell heavy aircraft.
During the toughest sanctions against Tehran, it was Beijing that invested heavily in the Iranian economy, providing the country with support, which could also be a key factor.
Finally, when trading with the Chinese, Iran has the opportunity to rely on barter, for example, to receive fighters in exchange for oil – while Russian-Iranian trade is much more modest in scale, and such transactions are hardly possible.
The United States opposes any future Iranian arms deal
The United States of America will not allow Iran to buy Russian or Chinese fighter jets, regardless of whether the UN extends the arms embargo on the Islamic Republic in October, the US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on June 23.
The Secretary of State noted that the termination of the ban on the sale of weapons to Tehran would mean that he could buy fighters, such as the Russian Su-30 or Chinese J-10. According to the American politician, this cannot be allowed.
“With these deadly planes, Europe and Asia will be at gunpoint in Iran. The United States will never let this happen,” wrote Pompeo.
He attached a drawing to his publication, which depicts the radius of action of the Su-30 and J-10, respectively, 3,000 and 1,648 km. The figure shows that a Russian fighter from Iran will be able to fly to Germany, Switzerland, Finland, Italy and other countries.
The Chinese fighter, according to this scheme, will be able to reach the southwestern borders of some countries of Eastern Europe.
Russia wants the arms embargo to fall
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov sent a letter on June 23 to UN Secretary General Anthony Guterresch, in which he mentioned that senior representatives of the US State Department are promoting ideas on imposing an unlimited arms embargo on Iran through the Security Council and on using the mechanisms provided for in resolution 2231 [governing the establishment of the Joint Comprehensive action plan].
At the same time, the Russian minister emphasized that there are no objective reasons to raise the issue of the arms embargo against Iran. He recalled that the “permissive order of deliveries” of military equipment to Iran was temporary – this was done to launch the agreements reached in 2015, which is now irrelevant.
As Lavrov emphasized, the application of restrictions on the supply of arms to Iran after October 18, 2020 “was never intended, and there are no legal or other reasons to reconsider this understanding.”
“The US mission has distributed its draft resolution on the extension of the arms embargo on Iran,” the agency’s source said.
What is Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)?
Iran and the Six of international negotiators reached a historic agreement in July 2015 to resolve the long-standing problem of the Iranian atom. The months-long negotiations culminated in the adoption of a joint comprehensive plan of action (JCPOA), the implementation of which will completely remove Iran’s previously imposed economic and financial sanctions by the UN Security Council, the United States and the European Union.
The agreement also provided that the arms embargo will be lifted from Iran within 5 years, arms deliveries are possible earlier, but only with the permission of the UN Security Council. The deal in its original form did not survive even three years: in May 2018, the United States announced a unilateral exit from it and the restoration of stringent sanctions against Tehran.
Over the years, the military embargo has developed a successful military-industrial complex in Iran
We cannot ignore the fact that the imposed military embargo on Iran has left its positive imprint on the military industry in the country.
Iran has been forced to develop its military industry to new levels, and many military experts believe they have achieved relatively excellent results.
Tehran produces various cruise missiles for its needs. Only about half a year ago, mass arming of Iranian submarines with Jask-2 cruise missiles began.
In the field of aviation and modern technology, Tehran produces at least two types of drones, the most notable of which is the strategic and attacking drone Fotros.
Last year, the Islamic country introduced to the world its latest anti-aircraft missile system Khordad 15. Its performance is not as impressive as in Western countries or the Russian S-400, but according to unofficial information, one system detects five targets, and the system itself is deployed in combat standby for no more than five minutes.
Not to be overlooked is the fact that Iran has recently sold its anti-aircraft missile systems to Syria.
To some extent, Iran has also developed its military genius with regard to armored vehicles. at this stage does not produce such, but produces better armor for Russian tanks T-72 and T-90. The fact is that it sells such refurbished Russian tanks in Africa.
Last but not least, the Islamic State is trying to focus on the production of fighter jets. Last month, it managed to launch its first training two-seater fighter of the third generation. But in this case – a number of Iranian military experts commented that the fighter in question would be useful only for training new pilots.
Let us not forget the development of Iran in the field of S4ISR. Earlier this year, the available French Mirage 1 aircraft were equipped with radar developed at Tehran’s research laboratories.
Of course, this is not all, but in general, Iran has managed to develop its military industry and meet the needs of its country.
If the military embargo falls, Tehran will spend billions on new weapons, and it will not be surprising if the new technologies do not serve future Iranian developments.