Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Types, Risks And Causes

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inflammatory bowel disease
inflammatory bowel disease

Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Types, Risks And Causes.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to a general group of intestinal disorders that cause prolonged inflammation of the digestive tract. Research has shown that bowel disease is as a result of the immune system attacking a harmless virus, bacteria or food in the gut thus causing inflammation that leads to bowel injury.

Inflammatory bowel disease has two types which are ulcerative colitis and crohn’s disease. The ulcerative colitis only affects the colon or large intestine while the crohn’s disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract beginning from the mouth to the anus.

Genetics and the immune system damage have long been associated with inflammatory bowel disease. Bowel disease can worsen and sometimes lead to serious life threatening complications. Those who are not even lucky die in the process.

When your bowel is affected, there are some signs your body will begin to give you. These signs depend on where the inflammation occurs. The symptoms can be mild or severe. Some of these symptoms and signs are common to both crohn’s and ulcerative colitis. There include:

·       Diarrhea.

·       Fatigue.

·       Abdominal pain and cramping.

·       Blood in your stool.

·       Reduced appetite.

·       Weight loss.

·       Bleeding ulcers.

·       Bloating due to bowel obstruction.

·       Anemia.

Inflammatory bowel disease can a times lead to eye inflammation, skin disorders and arthritis. Bowel disease can cause some serious complications in the human body. Some of the complications include:

·       Malnutrition.

·       Colon cancer.

·       Fistulas (holes created between different parts of the digestive tract).

·       Perforation in the intestine.

·       Bowel obstruction.

There are some certain things that can increase your risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease. Some of those risk factors include:

·       Age.

·       Race or ethnicity.

·       Family history.

·       Cigarette smoking.

·       Anti-inflammatory medications.

Your lifestyle and diet plays a great role in influencing your risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease. There are some foods that can trigger the disease and make the symptoms worse when you eat them. If you care for your life and want to live long, avoid excessive intake of these 3 foods since there trigger inflammatory bowel disease:

1.    Alcohol

Alcohol is not good for your healthy especially when you take too much of it. Excessive intake of alcohol can trigger inflammatory bowel disease. Alcohol triggers inflammatory bowel disease because of its pro-oxidant effects and deleterious effects on gut barrier function. Moderate intake of alcohol may helps the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease but excess of it is not healthy hence avoid it.

2.    Sugar

Foods that are high in sugar increase your risk for inflammatory bowel disease. Research has shown that when you consume too much sugar, it exacerbate the development of worse colitis and can damage the gut’s protective mucus layer. Diet that is high in fat, sugar and animal protein are serious risk factors for inflammatory bowel disease hence avoid them.

3.    Fatty foods

Fatty foods are those foods that are high in fat such as butter, cream, oils, pastries, cheese, ice cream, pizza, fried foods, sausages, etc. too much intake of fatty foods can worsen your symptoms for inflammatory bowel disease. Research has shown that the fat in foods is often not fully absorbed in the small intestine which can lead to cramping or loose stools. All these effects will lead to crohn’s disease in your small intestine.

Hereditary causes of inflammatory bowel disease cannot be prevented but there are some risk factors you can manage. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle will go in long way in preventing inflammatory bowel disease.

Below are ways you can prevent the disease:

Crohn disease: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

1.    Eating healthy foods.

2.    Constant exercise.

3.    Quitting smoking and over bad habits.

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