Health Problems During Pregnancy And Treatment.
The list below are types of health problems during pregnancy and their treatments.
- Nausea or Vomiting : Normally, this is worse in the morning, during the second or third month of pregnancy. It helps to eat something dry like crackers or dry bread, before you get out of bed in the morning. Do not eat large meals, but rather smaller amounts of food several times a day. In severe cases, take an antihistamine when you go to bed and when you get up in the morning. Avoid oily foods.
- Burning or pain in the stomach or chest (acid indigestion and heartburn). Eat only small amounts of food at one time. Avoid taking antacids. It helps to suck hard candy. Try to sleep with the chest and head lifted up a little with pillow or blankets.
- Swelling of the feet : Rest at different times during the day with your feet up. Eat less salt and avoid salty foods. Tea made from corn silk may help. If the hands and face also swell, seek medical attention. Swelling of the feet usually comes from the pressure of the child in the womb during the last months of pregnancy. It is worse in women who are anemic or malnourished. So eat plenty of nutritious food.
- Low back pain : This is common in pregnancy. It can be helped by exercise and taking care to stand and sit with the back straight.
- Anemia and Malnutrition : Many women in rural areas are anemic even before they are pregnant, and become more anemic during pregnancy. To make a healthy baby, a woman needs to eat well.
If she is very pale and weak or has other signs of anemia and malnutrition, she needs to eat more protein and foods with iron like beans, groundnuts, chicken, milk, cheese, eggs, meat, fish and dark green leafy vegetables. She should also take iron pills, especially if it is hard to get enough nutritious foods.
This way, she will strengthen her blood to resist dangerous bleeding after birth childbirth. If malaria is common in the area, she will also need anti-malaria tablets, folic acid tablets and vitamin c (vitamin c helps the body make better use of the iron).
- Swollen veins (varicose veins) : These are common in pregnancy, due to the weight of the baby pressing on the veins that come from the legs. Put your feet up often, as high as you can. If the veins get very big or hurt, wrap them with an elastic bandage. Take off the bandage at night.
- Piles (hemorrhoids) : These are varicose veins in the anus. They result from the weight of the baby in the womb. To relieve the pain, kneel with the buttocks in the air.
- Constipation : Drink plenty of water. Eat fruits and food with a lot of natural fiber like cassava or bran. Get plenty of exercise. Do not take strong laxative.