Drug Abuse-Addiction,Effects On Health And Solution.
Drug abuse is referred to the improper use of a substance or substances in a certain amount (too much dosage) for specific purpose. It could be for difficult or hard works or for pleasure feelings.
The use of harmful, habit-forming drugs is a growing problem in the world today. Although alcohol and tobacco are legal in most countries, both are habit-forming or addictive drugs. They contribute to the poor health and death of many millions of people each year.
Alcohol abuse causes enormous health, family and social problems through the world. Cigarette smoking has for many years been a major cause of death in rich countries and is now becoming even bigger cause of death in poor countries. As more people in the rich countries stop smoking, the tobacco companies have turned to the “Third world countries” as their new and easiest market.
In addiction to alcohol and tobacco, many people in different parts of the world are using illegal drugs. These vary from place to place which include marijuana (weed, pot, grass, sin semilla, mota, hashish, ganja), opium (heroin, morphine, smack), cocaine (crack, snow, rock).
TEEN DRUG ABUSE
An increasing problem among poor children or teenagers in cities is the sniffing of chemicals, especially glue, but sometimes paint thinner, shoe polish, gasoline and cleaning fluid. Also some misuse medicines especially certain strong painkillers, stimulants and appetite control drugs.
Drugs can be swallowed, injected, smoked, chewed or sniffed. Different drugs create different effects on the body and mind. Cocaine or kolanuts may make a person feel energetic and happy, but some time later he or she will feel tired, irritable and depressed.
Some drugs like alcohol, opium, morphine and heroin may at first make a person feel calm and relaxed, but later they may cause him or her lose his or her inhibitions, self control or even consciousness.
Other drugs such as marijuana, PCP, LSD and peyote make a person imagine things that do not exist, or create dream-like fantasies.
WARNING : Use of cigarettes, alcohol, or other drugs by pregnant women can harm their unborn child. Also, injecting drugs using the same needle for more than one person spreads dangerous diseases like hepatitis and AIDS.
DRUG ABUSE EFFECTS ON HEALTH
People usually start taking drugs to escape the hardships, forget the hunger, or calm the pain in their daily lives. But once they start, they often become hooked or addicted. If they try to stop, they become miserable, sick or violent.
In order to get more drugs, they will often commit crimes, go hungry or neglect their families. Thus drug use becomes a problem for whole families and communities.
Drug dependence can cause self-neglect and family problems, aggression and violent. Some drugs such as cocaine and heroine are very addictive; a person may try the drug only once and feel that he or she needs to keep taking it. Other drugs become addictive after longer periods of time.
Addiction is a dangerous trap that can lead to health problems or even death. But with determination, effort and support, addictions can be overcome.
When a person first gives up a drug he is addicted to, he or she will usually feel miserable and act strangely. This is called withdrawal. The person may be extremely nervous, depressed or angry. He or she may feel that he or she cannot live without the drugs.
With some drugs, such as heroin or cocaine, withdrawal may be so severe that the person can become violent and injure him or herself or others. He or she may need the help of a special clinic. For other kinds of drugs, such as alcohol, marijuana, tobacco and chemical sniffing, medical care is usually not necessary but the care and support of family and friends is very important.
SUGGESTIONS TO HELP SOLVE OR TREAT PROBLEM OF DRUG ABUSE AND ADDICTION
- Be as helpful and supportive as possible to someone trying to overcome drug use. Remember that their difficult moods are because of their addiction not because of you.
- Members of the community who have been addicted to drugs but have overcome the habit can form a “support group” to help others trying to give up alcohol or drugs. Alcoholics Anonymous is one such organization. This group of recovering alcoholics has successfully helped people all over the world to deal with problems of addiction.
- Families, schools and health workers can tell children about the dangers of cigarettes, alcohol and drugs. Help children learn that there are other healthier way to ‘feel good’, to act ‘grown up’ or ‘to rebel’.
- Work to correct some of the problems in your community that may lead people to use drugs : hunger, exploitative working conditions and lack of opportunities to lead a better life. Help disadvantaged persons organize and stand up for their rights.
NOTE : Actions that are supportive and kind work better than those that are punishing and cruel.