Common Cold And The Flu-Prevention And Treatment.
Common cold and the flu are common virus infections that may cause runny nose, cough, sore throat and sometimes fever or pain in the joints. There may be mild diarrhea especially in young children.
Colds and the flu almost always go away without medicine. Do not use penicillin, tetracycline or other antibiotics. They waste money and do not help.
WARNING : If injections are given, they may cause harm. One kind of cold is caused by the polio virus. A needle jab can bring on paralysis in the limb injected.
COMMON COLD TREATMENT
- Drink plenty of water and get enough rest.
- Aspirin or acetaminophen (paracetamol) help lower fever and relieve body aches and headaches. More expensive cold tablets are no better than aspirin. So why waste your money.
- No special diet is needed. However, fruit juices, especially orange juice or lemonade are helpful.
If a cold or the flu lasts more than a week or if the person has fever, coughs up a lot of phlegm (mucus with pus), has shallow fast breathing or chest pain, he or she could be developing bronchitis or pneumonia.
An antibiotic may be called for. The danger of a cold turning into pneumonia is greater in old people and those who have lung problems like chronic bronchitis.
Sore throat is often part of a cold. No special medicine is needed, but it may help to gargle with warm water. However, if the sore throat begins suddenly with high fever, it could be a strep throat. Special treatment is needed.
PREVENTION OF COLD
- Getting enough sleep and eating well helps prevent cold. Eating oranges, tomatoes and other fruit containing vitamin C may also help.
- Contrary to popular belief, colds do not come from getting cold or wet. A cold is caught from others who have the infection and sneeze the virus into the air.
- To keep from giving his or her cold to others, the sick person should eat and sleep separately; and take special care to keep far away from small babies. He or she should cover his nose and mouth when he or she coughs or sneezes.
- To prevent a cold from leading to earache, do not blow your nose, just wipe it. Teach children to do the same.
- Whenever the children’s noses are plugged up, use salt drops and suck the mucus out of the nose.