Brucellosis-Signs,Prevention And Treatment.
Brucellosis also known as undulant fever is a disease that comes from drinking fresh milk from infected cows or goats. It may also enter the body through scrapes or wounds on the skin of persons who work with sick cattle, goats or pigs or by breathing it into the lungs.
- Brucellosis may start with fever and chills but it often begins gradually with increasing tiredness, weakness, loss of appetite, headache, stomach ache and sometimes joint pains.
- The fevers may be mild or severe. Typically, these begin with afternoon chills and end with sweating in the early morning. In chronic brucellosis, the fevers may stop for several days and then return. Without treatment, brucellosis may last for years.
- There may be swollen lymph nodes in the neck, ampit and groin.
- Drink only cow’s or goat’s milk that has been boiled or pasteurized. In areas where brucellosis is a problem, it is safer not to eat cheese made from unboiled milk.
- Be careful when handling cattle, goats and pigs especially if you have any cuts or scrapes.
- Cooperate with livestock inspectors who check to be sure your animals are healthy.
- Never drink unboiled milk.
- If you suspect brucellosis, get medical advice because it is easy to confuse this disease with others and the treatment is long and expensive.
- Treat with tetracycline, Adults : two 250 mg capsules, 4 times a day for 3 weeks. Or use co-trimoxazole.