Anesthetic-Types And Their Uses.
Anesthetic medicines are those medicines which are used for stopping pain when closing wounds. This medicine often comes in ampules or bottles for injection. An example of an anesthetic drug is Lidocaine (HCL).
Lidocaine is also known as Xylocaine. Two percent is indicated with or without epinephrine which also often comes in ampules or bottles for injection. Xylocaine helps to reduce pain during surgery.
Lindocaine can be injected around the edges of a wound before sewing it, to make the area anesthetized or numb so it will not hurt.
Inject both into and under the skin at points about 1 cm apart. Be sure to pull back on the plunger before injecting. Make sure you inject slowly. Use about 1 ml of anesthetic for each 2 cm of skin.
Do not use more than 20 mls altogether if the wound is clean, you can inject right into the sides of the wound itself. If the wound is dirty, inject through the skin after cleaning around the wound. Then clean the wound with great care before closing it.
Make sure you use lidocaine with epinephrine for sewing most wounds. The epinephrine makes the numbness last longer and helps control bleeding.
Make sure that you use lidocaine without epinephrine for wounds on fingers, toes, penis, ears and nose. This is important because the epinephrine can stop the flow of blood to these areas and cause great damage.
Another use of lidocaine with epinephrine is when there is a severe nosebleed, all you need to do is to soak a little of lidocaine with epinephrine into some cotton and pack it into the nose. The epinephrine will cause the veins to squeeze shut and help control bleeding.